Springfield Motor Car Co.

A Springfield Motor Car gets a test drive in 1910. From left are Howard and Homer Welch, Clarence W. Chiles, John Workman, John W. Hobbs behind the wheel, Harry Loper, Ernest Mayhew and Herbert Georg.

A Springfield  Motor Car  test drive in 1910. From left are Howard and Homer Welch, Clarence Chiles, John Workman, John W. Hobbs behind the wheel, Harry Loper, Ernest Mayhew and Herbert Georg. (Sangamon Valley Collection)

Only about 10 Springfield Motor Cars — “the made-to-order car for 300 exacting people” — were produced in 1909 and 1910, most from a third-floor assembly plant in downtown Springfield. The undoubted high point of the company’s existence was when President William H. Taft rode in a Springfield when he visited the city for Lincoln’s birthday in 1910.

The Springfield car originated in Springfield, Mass. However, the company’s Illinois representative, Rudolph Haas (1864-1940), owner of R. Haas Electric & Mfg. Co., brought the assembly process to Springfield, Ill.

Haas, an Indiana native who moved to Springfield at a young age, got his start by manufacturing electric fire engine gongs in the attic of his home. (His first customer was the city of New York, which continued to buy Haas gongs for years afterwards.) By the 1900s, R. Haas Electric was prosperous enough that the company was able to erect its own building at 305-07 E. Monroe St.

Springfield Motor Car began its local “branch” production on the second and third floors of what apparently was the Haas Electric building in 1909. Twelve to 15 employees assembled the cars from parts that had been manufactured elsewhere. (Some advertisements for the Springfield Motor Car, including the one reproduced below, give the company’s address as 306 E. Monroe St., across from Haas Electric. The reason for the discrepancy is not clear.)

One of Haas’ key employees was a man who went on to play a much bigger role in the automotive industry in Springfield, John W. Hobbs. Haas met Hobbs, just out of high school, when Haas’ auto broke down in Decatur and Hobbs was able to fix it.

The Springfield Motor Car Co. offered two models, one that held four passengers and the other seven (Taft, who was chauffeured by Hobbs, rode in the seven-passenger version.) The company aimed at an elite audience, as the advertisement below indicates.

spfld carHobbs drove early Springfields in several races at the Illinois State Fairgrounds in 1910, with some success.

Although beginning output was slim, Haas and the firm’s other organizers had big ambitions. They reportedly bought enough parts to produce 500 cars, and in October 1909, the company announced plans to build a new plant at 10th Street and Stanford Avenue and hire up to 150 workers.

The factory, however, was an overreach. “(I)t became evident some time ago that reorganization with greater capital would be necessary to save the property and conserve the interests of the stockholders,” according to the June 4, 1910, edition of Automobile Topics.

The Rayfield Motor Car Co. — the chief engineer was George Rayfield, and brothers John, William and Frederick also were part of the company — took over the 10th and Stanford plant in May 2010. Few Rayfields were built in Springfield either, however — no more than a dozen, and maybe fewer.

The eastern Illinois community of Chrisman lured the struggling Rayfield away from Springfield in 1912, and the company went into final bankruptcy in 1915.

Some of Springfield/Rayfield’s employees had more success. Hobbs returned to Springfield in 1938 to found the John W. Hobbs Co., which produced the first automotive clock and other accessories. Rayfield investor and sales manager E.E. Staley went on to head Baker Manufacturing Co. of Springfield, which prospered as a supplier to the local Allis-Chalmers bulldozer plant.bridge

More information:  Sangamon Valley Collection, Lincoln Library.

Original content copyright Sangamon County Historical Society. You are free to republish this content as long as credit is given to the Society.

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6 Responses to Springfield Motor Car Co.

  1. Simon Rayfield says:

    As a Rayfield myself I am fascinated by the Springfield connection to cars, racing, etc. as I have always been a car and bike enthusiast, building, racing, etc. Now at the age of 70 I still have a 1938 Rudge motorcycle and a 1938 Morgan 3 wheeler plus another Morgan I am completely renovating. So it would seem that I have inherited a mechanical gene from a blacksmith forebear that maybe runs down through the family. Virtually all Rayfields originated from Kent in England – myself included. My son has been working on our family tree and found many Rayfields migrated to the US and spread out from there. Undoubtably there are links everywhere but tracking is often difficult. If there are any Rayfields still connected to motoring as I am, maybe you would like to get in touch at scrayfield@btinternet.com.

  2. editor says:

    Mr. Rayfield: Thanks for the comment.

  3. David R. Fletcher II says:

    What a wonderful find while doing some casual research on my Great Grandfather Chiles (who is mentioned in the caption above). That is the earliest photograph of him I have found to date, and the first I’ve learned he had any association with the Springfield Motor Car Company. He later went on to become an advertising executive with CIPS, was a well-known pilot and aviation photographer, and was an active player in the establishment of the Springfield Airport Authority. Thank you for sharing!

    • editor says:

      Mr. Fletcher: We’re glad you found us; that’s exactly the kind of thing we hoped to do when we set up SangamonLink.

      Good luck with your research, and if you ever want to put together a SangamonLink entry on Clarence Chiles, we’d love to publish it. There’s more information on how to do that on our Writing for SangamonLink page (http://sangamoncountyhistory.org/wp/?page_id=3526).

  4. david rayfield says:

    I too, am a Rayfield. But some say that my family tree name originated from Raffield, which I do have tree connected relatives with that name on their tombstone. I am into cars and love speed; very comfortable at the wheel and I love to drive. I went to a local school for two years for automotive repair. Almost killed myself in my 70 Nova, that I built myself, going over 130MPH; not staying on the road at that speed is not a good idea. I still love speed and I have had my share of fast cars, but I am now 65 without any toys. However I did start riding motorcycles in 1971 when cars became too dangerous for me. I still drive & ride, just not as fast, on my 2003 TRIUMPH Speedmaster. I did go back to school and got an Engineering Degree, because I love knowing how things work. Yes I think, and I hope, I may have some of those genes.

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