Monthly Archives: September 2014

Springfield African-American History Foundation interviews

As of late 2015, the Springfield African-American History Foundation, in conjunction with the oral history efforts of theĀ Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, had published interviews with 30 black residents of Springfield. Those interviews can be found here. Interviewees are: Adams, Rosia: … Continue reading

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Adelaide O’Brien

Adelaide O’Brien was the maiden name of a pioneer woman aviator in central Illinois. See Adelaide O’Brien Rentschler.

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Adelaide O’Brien Rentschler (aviator)

Adelaide O’Brien (1915-99) of Springfield was the first licensed woman pilot in downstate Illinois. During World War II, O’Brien was a local ground instructor for U.S. Army Air Corps flight cadets. O’Brien also was widely known in central Illinois for … Continue reading

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Opening of Commercial Airport, 1928 (photo)

     

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Scott Burton (Springfield race riot)

Scott Burton, a black barber, was one of two African-Americans who were lynched during the Springfield race riot. See Race riot of 1908.

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Kate Howard (Springfield race riot)

Kate Howard, a white woman, was accused of being one of the leaders of a mob that destroyed Loper’s Restaurant at the start of the Springfield race riot. She committed suicide after being arrested. See Race riot of 1908.

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Joe James (Springfield race riot)

Joe James, a black man, was accused of the killing of Clergy Ballard, a white mining engineer, on July 5, 1908. Ballard’s killing was one of the incidents that precipitated the Springfield race riot. See Race riot of 1908.

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Mabel Hallam (Springfield race riot)

Mabel Hallam, a white woman, falsely accused a black man of rape. The allegation was one of the incidents that precipitated the Springfield race riot. See Race riot of 1908.

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Harry Loper (Springfield race riot)

Harry Loper, proprietor of one of Springfield’s leading restaurants in 1908, helped spirit two black men out of the Sangamon County Jail, inciting a white mob to destroy his restaurant. See Race riot of 1908.

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George Richardson (Springfield race riot)

George Richardson, a black man, was falsely accused of the rape of a white woman, one of the incidents that precipated the Springfield race riot. See Race riot of 1908.

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