Category Archives: Sangamon County

Sangamon County in 1837

The following description of Sangamon County is taken from Illinois in 1837: A Sketch by H.L. Ellsworth (Philadelphia, 1837); spelling and punctuation from the original. Note that, two years after this was written, the Illinois General Assembly reduced Sangamon County … Continue reading

Posted in Communities, Histories, Maps, Resources, Sangamon County, Sangamon River, Soil, Transportation | Leave a comment

Sheriffs, 1821-2019 (list)

Here is a list of people – all men – who have served as sheriff of Sangamon County since the county was established on Jan. 30, 1821. Dates indicate when the sheriffs were commissioned unless noted. John Taylor: 1821, ’22, … Continue reading

Posted in Law enforcement, Local government, Politics, Prominent figures, Sangamon County | Leave a comment

Circuit clerks, 1821-2015 (list)

The histories of the 27 people – 25 men and two women – who have held the office of Sangamon County circuit clerk were researched in 2011 by Savannah Little. The resulting brief biographies can be read on the circuit … Continue reading

Posted in Local government, Politics, Prominent figures, Sangamon County | Leave a comment

Sangamon County boundary maps

When formed in 1821, Sangamon County took in all of what now are Sangamon, Menard, Logan, Cass, Mason and Tazewell counties, parts of McLean, Woodford, Marshall, Putnam, Macon and Christian counties, plus a sliver of northern Morgan County. Cass was … Continue reading

Posted in Local government, Maps, Sangamon County | 2 Comments

William Cullen Bryant’s travels in the Sangamon Country, 1832

In 1832, poet William Cullen Bryant (“Thanatopsis”), traveled from his home in Massachusetts to visit  his brothers in Jacksonville. He took the occasion also to travel briefly through Sangamon and what now is western Logan County into Tazewell County, where … Continue reading

Posted in Histories, Hotels & taverns, Sangamon County, Sangamon River | Leave a comment

Sangamon County historic landmarks

As of November 2013, five sites had been designated historic landmarks by Sangamon County. They were: *The George Power Courthouse (Cantrall) *The Brunk Farmstead (Rochester) *The Lincoln-Van Buren Trail (between Rochester and Springfield) *Sangamon Ordnance Plant water tower (Illiopolis) *Inn … Continue reading

Posted in Historic Sites, Hotels & taverns, Sangamon County | 2 Comments

Courthouse and Marine Bank, 1860 (drawing)

The Sangamon County Courthouse (left) and the Marine Fire and Insurance Co., on the east side of what is now the Old Capitol Plaza, in an 1860 lithograph. (Source: Here I Have Lived, Paul Angle; reprinted in Aristocracy Hill survey … Continue reading

Posted in Buildings, Business, Photos and photosets, Sangamon County | Tagged | Leave a comment

Andrew Elliott (1828 pioneers)

Andrew Elliott (1792-1864) kept what John Carroll Power called the first hotel in Springfield. However, his main claim to (probably apocryphal) fame was as the guide who secured the county seat for Springfield. According to Power, Elliott, originally from North … Continue reading

Posted in Business, Early residents, Hotels & taverns, Local government, Prominent figures, Sangamon County, Springfield | Leave a comment

The Kelley (Kelly) family

The Kelleys – Elisha, John, Henry and their relatives – are usually considered the first Europeans to live in the boundaries of what is now Springfield. (An 1817 settler, Levi Ellis, may actually deserve that designation, but the Kelley family’s cabins … Continue reading

Posted in African Americans, Early residents, Historic Sites, Prominent figures, Sangamon County, Springfield | Tagged , | 16 Comments

Sangamo Town

Sangamo Town was a settlement on the Sangamon River that for a time rivaled Springfield as a commercial center, but after only 20 years or so was abandoned and all but forgotten. The man behind Sangamo Town was Moses Broadwell (1764-1827). Born … Continue reading

Posted in Communities, Early residents, Lincoln, Abraham, Local government, Maps, Prominent figures, Sangamon County, Sangamon River, Transportation | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments